"The Siren's Call: An epic poet as Mary Shelley's co-author. [18], Prior to enrolling for University College, Oxford in October 1810, Shelley completed Original Poetry by Victor and Cazire (written with his sister Elizabeth), the verse melodrama The Wandering Jew and the gothic novel St. Irvine; or, The Rosicrucian: A Romance (published 1811). Shelley stayed with Byron for two weeks and invited the older poet to spend the winter in Pisa. After Shelley heard Byron read his newly completed fifth canto of Don Juan he wrote to Mary: “I despair of rivalling Byron.”[114], In November Byron moved into Villa Lanfrachi in Pisa, just across the river from the Shelleys. First published in 1988. Elizabeth Hitchener joined the household in Devon, but several months later had a falling out with the Shelleys and left. The financial arrangement with Godwin led to rumours that he had sold his daughters to Shelley. [23] Hearing of his son's expulsion, Shelley's father threatened to cut all contact with Shelley unless he agreed to return home and study under tutors appointed by him. Shelley and Mary declared their love for each other during a visit to her mother’s grave on 26 June. The parentage of Elena has never been conclusively established, and she was to die in a poor suburb of Naples on 9 June 1820. The incident might have been real, a hallucination brought on by stress, or a hoax staged by Shelley in order to escape government surveillance, creditors and his entanglements in local politics. The poem was only officially published in 1832. ", Morton, Timothy, "Joseph Ritson, Percy Shelley and the Making of Romantic Vegetarianism. In 1812 he was converted to vegetarianism by his friend John Frank Newton, who had himself been converted while living in India. [3][4] A radical in his poetry as well as in his political and social views, Shelley did not see fame during his lifetime, but recognition of his achievements in poetry grew steadily following his death. Mary Shelley declared in her "Note on Poems of 1822" (1839) that the design had a defect and that the boat was never seaworthy. [38], The Shelley household had settled in Tremadoc, Wales in September 1812, where Shelley worked on Queen Mab, a utopian allegory with extensive notes preaching atheism, free love, republicanism and vegetarianism. [15][16] His interest in the occult and science continued, and contemporaries describe him giving an electric shock to a master, blowing up a tree stump with gunpowder and attempting to raise spirits with occult rituals. Trelawny gave the scorched heart to Hunt who preserved it in spirits of wine and refused to hand it over to Mary. [111] Shelley visited her several times over the next few months and they started a passionate correspondence which dwindled after her marriage the following September. The poem was published the following year in a private edition of 250 copies, although few were initially distributed because of the risk of prosecution for seditious and religious libel. [62], Shelley married Mary Godwin on 30 December, despite his philosophical objections to the institution. [103][104] Shelley, Claire and Mary denied this story, and the servant later recanted. [8] He had four younger sisters and one much younger brother. [35] With Harriet’s allowance also restored, Shelley now had the funds for his Irish venture. Shelley is best known for classic poems such as "Ozymandias", "Ode to the West Wind", "To a Skylark", "Music, When Soft Voices Die", "The Cloud" and The Masque of Anarchy. [27] At the same time, Harriet’s elder sister Eliza, to whom Harriet was very close, encouraged the young girl's romance with Shelley. [78], After travelling some months through France and Italy, Shelley left Mary and baby Clara at Bagni Di Lucca (in today’s Tuscany) while he travelled with Claire to Venice to see Byron and make arrangements for visiting Allegra. Woudhuysen, "Shelley's Fantastic Prank", 12 July 2006. His peculiarities and violent rages earned him the nickname "Mad Shelley". Shelley's mainstream following did not develop until a generation after his death, unlike Lord Byron, who was popular among all classes during his lifetime despite his radical views. [102] It is likely that the blackmail was connected with a story spread by another servant that Shelley had fathered a child to Claire in Naples and had sent it to a foundling home. Shelley showed signs of delusional behaviour and was contemplating an escape to the continent. ", In late 2014 Shelley's work led lecturers from the University of Pennsylvania[163] and New York University[164] to produce a massive open online course (MOOC) on the life of Percy Shelley and Prometheus Unbound. He was particularly close to his sisters and his mother, who encouraged him to hunt, fish and ride. [48], In August Shelley and Mary moved to Bishopsgate where Shelley worked on Alastor, a long poem in blank verse based on the myth of Narcissus and Echo. In the months following the post office incident and Elena’s death, relations between Mary and Claire deteriorated and Claire spent most of the next two years living separately from the Shelleys, mainly in Florence. Timothy and Johanna were the great-grandparents of Percy. [61] Harriet, pregnant and living alone at the time, believed that she had been abandoned by her new lover. [125], The day after the news of his death reached England, the Tory newspaper The Courier printed: "Shelley, the writer of some infidel poetry, has been drowned; now he knows whether there is God or no. Shelley's theories of economics and morality, for example, had a profound influence on Karl Marx (1818–1883); his early—perhaps first—writings on nonviolent resistance influenced Leo Tolstoy (1828–1910), whose writings on the subject in turn influenced Mahatma Gandhi, and through him Martin Luther King Jr. and others practicing nonviolence during the American civil rights movement. However, numerous pirated editions were printed from 1821, and in the decades following Shelly’s death Queen Mab became popular in Owenist and Chartist circles. [67][68] Shelley’s generosity with money and increasing debts also led to financial and marital stress, as did Godwin’s frequent requests for financial help. ", Percy Bysshe Shelley by John Addington Symonds, Percy Bysshe Shelley: Profile and Poems at Poets.org, A Guide to the Percy Bysshe Shelley Manuscript Material in the Pforzheimer Collection, The Complete Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley, "Archival material relating to Percy Bysshe Shelley", Online exhibition of Shelley's notebooks, objects, letters and drafts, Wolfstein, The Murderer; or, The Secrets of a Robber's Cave, Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle, Lives of the Most Eminent Literary and Scientific Men, "The Haunting of Villa Diodati" (2020 TV episode), Letters Written in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, Memoirs of the Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Percy_Bysshe_Shelley&oldid=989300666, 19th-century British dramatists and playwrights, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from March 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2017, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, Articles with Polish-language sources (pl), Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 8. [120], A week later Shelley woke the household with his screaming over a nightmare or hallucination in which he saw Edward and Jane Williams as walking corpses and himself strangling Mary. In fact the Don Juan was overmasted; the sinking was due to a severe storm and poor seamanship of the three men on board. With the inception of formal literary studies in the early twentieth century and the slow rediscovery and re-evaluation of his œuvre by scholars such as Kenneth Neill Cameron, Donald H. Reiman, and Harold Bloom, the modern idea of Shelley could not be more different. Critics such as Matthew Arnold endeavoured to rewrite Shelley's legacy to make him seem a lyricist and a dilettante who had no serious intellectual position and whose longer poems were not worthy of study. Dale, 'Constance Naden', in Further Reliques of Constance Naden (1891) p. 226. He was subjected to particularly severe mob bullying called by the perpetrators "Shelley-baits". Soon after, Shelley left for London with Claire, which increased Mary’s resentment towards her step-sister. A pirated copy of Prometheus Unbound dated 1835 is said to have been seized in that year by customs at Bombay. [115], In the early months of 1822 Shelley became increasingly close to Jane Williams who was living with her partner Edward Williams in the same building as the Shelleys. Sophia, a talented harpist and singer, formed a friendship with Shelley while Mary was preoccupied with her new-born son. Thomas Weber, "Gandhi as Disciple and Mentor," Cambridge University Press, 2004, p. 28. Enjoy complimentary shipping and returns on all orders. [14] A number of biographers and contemporaries have attributed the bullying to Shelley's aloofness, nonconformity and refusal to take part in fagging. [33], The Shelleys and Eliza spent December and January in Keswick where Shelley visited Robert Southey whose poetry he admired. [22], In the winter of 1810-11, Shelley published a series of anonymous political poems and tracts: Posthumous Fragments of Margaret Nicholson, The Necessity of Atheism (written in collaboration with Hogg) and A Poetical Essay on the Existing State of Things. "New paperback by UD professor offers two versions of Frankenstein tale. [51], Claire initiated a sexual relationship with Lord Byron in April, just before his self-exile on the continent, and then arranged for Byron to meet Shelley, Mary and her in Geneva. Godwin, who had modified many of his earlier radical views, advised Shelley to reconcile with his father, become a scholar before he published anything else, and give up his avowed plans for political agitation in Ireland. [63][64] After a prolonged legal battle, the Court of Chancery eventually awarded custody of Shelley and Harriet's children to foster parents, on the grounds that Shelley had abandoned his first wife for Mary without cause and was an atheist. He also delivered a speech at a meeting of O’Connell’s Catholic Committee in which he called for Catholic emancipation, repeal of the Act of Union and an end to the oppression of the Irish poor. Two days later Shelley wrote to a friend that there was no sympathy between Mary and him and if the past and future could be obliterated he would be content in his boat with Jane and her guitar. material proscribed by the government), and these cheap pirate editions reached hundreds of activists and workers throughout the nineteenth century. These modern apartments offer creative ways to organize and decorate within a small studio layout. Shelley was delighted to have another son, but was suffering from the strain of prolonged financial negotiations with his father, Harriet and William Godwin. "Percy Bysshe Shelley helped wife Mary write. [128] He finally relented and the heart was eventually buried either at St. Peter’s Church, Bournemouth or in Christchurch Priory.[129]. Southey was taken with Shelley, even though there was a wide gulf between them politically, and predicted great things for him as a poet. Godwin believed that Fanny had been in love with Shelley, and Shelley himself suffered depression and guilt over her death, writing: “Friend had I known thy secret grief/Should we had parted so.”[59][60] Further tragedy followed in December when Shelley’s estranged wife Harriet drowned herself in The Serpentine. [145], Shelley, in heartfelt dedication to sentient beings, wrote:[146].mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, If the use of animal food be, in consequence, subversive to the peace of human society, how unwarrantable is the injustice and the barbarity which is exercised toward these miserable victims. Through his maternal and paternal lineage, he was a cousin of Thomas Medwin—a childhood friend and Shelley's biographer.[136]. (Shelley’s father believed his son had married beneath him, as Harriet’s father had earned his fortune in trade and was the owner of a tavern and coffee house. Thomas Weber, "Gandhi as Disciple and Mentor," Cambridge University Press, 2004, pp. He became an idol of the next two or three or even four generations of poets, including the important Victorian and Pre-Raphaelite poets Robert Browning, Alfred Tennyson, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Algernon Charles Swinburne, as well as Lord Byron, Henry David Thoreau, W. B. Yeats, Aleister Crowley and Edna St. Vincent Millay, and poets in other languages such as Jan Kasprowicz, Rabindranath Tagore, Jibanananda Das and Subramanya Bharathy. "[147], Shelley was fond of eating bread and he preferred to drink water or milk if he could get it. Review: The Original Frankenstein, By Mary Shelley with Percy Shelley ed Charles E Robinson. The last line of Stanza LIII of Shelley's elegy of, Some of Shelley's poems are mentioned in the detective video game, "The Assassins, A Fragment of a Romance" (1814), "The Elysian Fields: A Lucianic Fragment" (1818), "Una Favola (A Fable)" (1819, originally in Italian), On the Vegetable System of Diet (1814–1815; published 1929), On Christianity (incomplete, probably 1817; published 1859), On the Literature, the Arts and the Manners of the Athenians. [31], At this time Shelley was also involved in an intense platonic relationship with Elizabeth Hitchener, a 28-year-old unmarried schoolteacher of advanced views, with whom he had been corresponding. 1813, pp. Clara became seriously ill on the journey and died on 24 September in Venice. [54] A tour of Chamonix in the French Alps inspired “Mont Blanc”, which has been described as an atheistic response to Coleridge’s “Hymn before Sunrise in the Vale of Chamoni.”[55] During this tour, Shelley often signed guest books with a declaration that he was an atheist. Though Shelley's poetry and prose output remained steady throughout his life, most publishers and journals declined to publish his work for fear of being arrested for either blasphemy or sedition. For decades after his death, Shelley was mainly appreciated by only the major Victorian poets, the pre-Raphaelites, the socialists, and the labour movement. [36], In Ireland, Shelley wrote, published and distributed three political tracts: An Address, to the Irish People; Proposals for an Association of Philanthropists; and Declaration of Rights. Upton Sinclair, "My Lifetime in Letters", Univ of Missouri Press, 1960. His grave bears the Latin inscription, Cor Cordium (Heart of Hearts), and a few lines of "Ariel's Song" from Shakespeare's The Tempest:[127], When Shelley’s body was cremated on the beach, his “unusually small” heart resisted burning, possibly due to calcification from an earlier tubercular infection. not to be confused with, Shelley is believed to have been the model for Marmion Herbert, one of two male protagonists in, Shelley's cremation at Viareggio and the removal of his heart by Trelawny are described in, A fictional Shelley befriends cavalry officer Matthew Hervey in the 2002. Shelley’s essay, with its famous conclusion “Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world”, remained unpublished in his lifetime. It's very foolish; I thought I had eaten it."[149][150]. [117], On 15 April Claire arrived in Pisa at Shelley’s invitation, and ten days later the Shelleys heard that her daughter Allegra had died of typhus in Ravenna on 20 April, Soon after, the Shelleys and Claire moved to Villa Magni, near Lerici on the shores of the Gulf of La Spezia. [155], Shelley's poem "To the Queen of My Heart" was allegedly forged and falsely attributed to Shelley by James Augustus St. John, who took over as editor of the London Weekly Review when Carlile was imprisoned in 1827.[156]. His younger siblings were: Shelley's uncle, brother of his mother Elizabeth Pilfold, was Captain John Pilfold, a Naval Commander who served under Admiral Nelson during the Battle of Trafalgar.[137]. [139] It is known that Gandhi would often quote Shelley's The Masque of Anarchy,[140] which has been called "perhaps the first modern statement of the principle of nonviolent resistance". Henry Shelley became father to younger Henry Shelley. His refusal, to college authorities, to answer questions regarding whether or not he authored the pamphlet resulted in his expulsion from Oxford on 25 March 1811, along with Hogg. Paul Johnson, in his book Intellectuals,[158] describes Shelley in a chapter titled "Shelley or the Heartlessness of Ideas". Adams, Stephen. "The Theme of Indianness in the Works of PB Shelley: A Glimpse into Ancient India. [40], Back in England, Shelley’s debts mounted as he tried unsuccessfully to reach a financial settlement with his father. In May, Claire left the household at Mary’s insistence, to reside in Lynmouth. Such views were dangerous in the reactionary political climate prevailing during Britain’s war with Napoleonic France, and Shelley’s father warned him against Hogg’s influence. Shelley’s biographer James Bieri suggests that this incident was possibly a delusional episode brought on by extreme stress, as Shelley was being blackmailed by a former servant over baby Elena. [116], In late March Shelley was injured in a fracas with a Tuscan military officer. In the book, Johnson describes Shelley as an amoral person, who by borrowing money which he did not intend to return, and by seducing young innocent women who fell for him, destroyed the lives of everybody with whom he had interacted, including his own. A new analysis reveals all. Well, aside from the natural light, the affordability, its light weight, ease of installation, the look (I love it, some don't), and the flexibility....this photo pretty much sums it up: THE VIEW, and the filtration of colored light you receive in the fall (my favorite season) is one of the main things I love. [161] In 2008 Charles E. Robinson credited Percy as the co-author of Frankenstein in The Original Frankenstein published by the Bodleian Library in Oxford and by Random House in the US. Shelley, Percy Bysshe, "A Vindication of Natural Diet;" London: Smith & Davy. Shelley's close circle of friends included some of the most important progressive/radical thinkers of his day, including his father-in-law, the philosopher William Godwin (1756–1836), and Leigh Hunt (1784–1859). [49][50], On 24 January 1816, Mary gave birth to William Shelley. According to Richard Holmes, by his leaving year, Shelley had gained a reputation as a classical scholar and a tolerated eccentric. [118] Shelley acted as mediator between Claire and Byron over arrangements for the burial of their daughter, and the added strain led to Shelley having a series of hallucinations. Shelley's major work during this time was Laon and Cythna, a long narrative poem featuring incest and attacks on religion. Ianthe died in 1876, and her only descendants result from the marriage of Charles Edward Jeffries Esdaile and Marion Maxwell Sandbach. [46] This was followed in early January by news that Shelley’s grandfather, Sir Bysshe, had died leaving an estate worth 220,000 pounds. In September Shelley heard of the “Peterloo” massacre of peaceful protesters in Manchester and within two weeks had completed one of his most famous political poems, The Mask of Anarchy, and despatched it to Leigh Hunt for publication. [6][7] He was the eldest son of Sir Timothy Shelley (1753–1844), a Whig Member of Parliament for Horsham from 1790 to 1792 and for Shoreham between 1806 and 1812, and his wife, Elizabeth Pilfold (1763–1846), the daughter of a successful butcher. [108] The poem was published in Pisa in July 1821, but sold few copies. Shelley wrote a number of love poems for Jane including “The serpent is shut out of Paradise” and “With a Guitar, to Jane.” Shelley's obvious affection for Jane was to cause increasing tension between Shelley, Edward Williams and Mary. [130] Richard later married on 3 February 1601 in Itchingfield to Jonne (aka Joane) Feste/Feest/Fuste,[131] daughter of John Feest/Fuste from Itchingfield, near Horsham, West Sussex. [95], On 12 November, Mary gave birth to a boy, Percy Florence Shelley. Shop fine jewelry creations of timeless beauty and superlative craftsmanship that will be treasured always. In the novel "Six oies cendrées" (2001), French author Henri Coulonges gives a fictional account of the provenance of the mystery baby girl Elena Adelaide Shelley in Naples as the daughter of Elise Foggi. Clothing, accessories and apartment items for men and women. Shelley was also beset by financial worries, as creditors from England pressed him for payment and he was obliged to make secret payments in connection with his “Neopolitan charge” Elena. [100], Meanwhile, Shelley was writing A Philosophical View of Reform, a political essay which he had begun in Rome. Shelley became a lodestar to the subsequent three or four generations of poets, including important Victorian and Pre-Raphaelite poets such as Robert Browning (1812–1889) and Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828–1882). One night, while Byron was reciting Coleridge’s Christabel, Shelley suffered a severe panic attack with hallucinations. On 23 June Harriet gave birth to a girl, Eliza Ianthe Shelley, and in the following months the relationship between Shelley and his wife deteriorated. 5 essential small living room decorating tips to make any little space feel bigger and better. In fact, when I examined the notebooks myself, I realised that Percy did rather less than any line editor working in publishing today. Shelley’s party arrived in Geneva in May and rented a house close to Villa Diodati, on the shores of Lake Geneva, where Byron was staying. [160], In 2007, John Lauritsen published The Man Who Wrote Frankenstein, making the controversial claim that Percy's contributions to Mary Shelley's Frankenstein were extensive. Shelley's refusal to do so led to a falling-out with his father. Harriet confessed that Hogg had tried to seduce her while Shelley had been away. Reports of Shelley’s subversive activities were sent to the Home Secretary. Shelley, Mary, and Claire left Switzerland in late August, with arrangements for the expected baby still unclear, although Shelley made provision for Claire and the baby in his will. [148] Trelawny asked Shelley what this was and he replied "Why, that must be my dinner. The 1891 census shows Jane Shelley, Percy Florence Shelley's widow, living at Boscombe Manor with several great-nephews. After the meeting, on 8 July, Shelley, Williams and their boat boy sailed out of Livorno for Lerici. Arnold famously described Shelley as a "beautiful and ineffectual angel". Before leaving, Shelley had secured a loan of 3,000 pounds but had left most of the funds at the disposal of Godwin and Harriet, who was now pregnant. [47], In February 1815, Mary gave premature birth to a baby girl who died ten days later, deepening her depression. Yeats. For details of Harriet's suicide and Shelley's remarriage see Bieri (2008), pp. Percy Florence, who eventually inherited the baronetcy in 1844, died without children "of his body", as the old legal phrase went. [119], On 16 June Mary almost died from a miscarriage, her life only being saved by Shelley’s effective first aid. [80][81], The Shelleys moved to Naples on 1 December where they stayed for three months. Henry David Thoreau's Civil Disobedience, the writings of Leo Tolstoy, and Mahatma Gandhi's passive resistance were all influenced and inspired by Shelley's theories of nonviolent resistance, in protest and political action. Shelley's popularity and influence has continued to grow in contemporary poetry circles. NY: Random House Vintage Classics, 2008. A few hours later, the Don Juan and its inexperienced crew were lost in a storm. The Shelley household included Claire and her baby Allegra, both of whose presence was resented by Mary. Percy Bysshe Shelley (/bɪʃ/ (listen) BISH;[1][2] 4 August 1792 – 8 July 1822) was one of the major English Romantic poets, widely regarded as one of the greatest lyric and philosophical poets in the English language. [34], Meanwhile, Shelley had met his father’s patron, the Duke of Norfolk, who helped secure the reinstatement of Shelley’s allowance. [105][106], In July, hearing that John Keats's was seriously ill in England, Shelley wrote to the poet inviting him to stay with him at Pisa. Paul Foot, in his Red Shelley, has documented the pivotal role Shelley's works—especially Queen Mab—have played in the genesis of British radicalism. ", Rhodes, Jerry. [65][66], In March 1817 the Shelleys moved to the village of Marlow, Buckinghamshire, where Shelley's friend Thomas Love Peacock, lived. [146], In Queen Mab: A Philosophical Poem (1813) he wrote about the change to a vegetarian diet: "And man ... no longer now/ He slays the lamb that looks him in the face,/ And horribly devours his mangled flesh. In his last term, his first novel Zastrozzi appeared and he had established a following among his fellow students. [26] Shelley’s infatuation with Harriet developed in the months following his expulsion, when he was under severe emotional strain due to the conflict with his family, his bitterness over the breakdown of his romance with his cousin Harriet Grove, and his unfounded belief that he might be suffering from a fatal illness. [11], In 1802 he entered the Syon House Academy of Brentford, Middlesex.where his cousin Thomas Medwin was a pupil. [68][69], On 2 September Mary gave birth to a daughter, Clara Everina Shelley. [92][93], The Shelleys were now living in Livorno where Shelley completed Julian and Maddalo, and The Cenci. Jan 4, 2019 - Explore Noha's board "Studio House", followed by 459 people on Pinterest. Several members of the Scarlett family were born at Percy Florence's seaside home "Boscombe Manor" in Bournemouth. The youngest of them, Richard Shelley was born in 1583, and baptized 17 November 1583 in Warminghurst, Sussex, England. Shelley developed an interest in science which supplemented his voracious reading of tales of mystery, romance and the supernatural. | Tiny Homes. The poem was completed in the summer of 1819, but was not published in Shelley’s lifetime. [56], Relations between Byron and Shelley’s party became strained when Byron was told that Claire was pregnant with his child. [24], In late December 1810, Shelley had met Harriet Westbrook, a pupil at the same boarding school as Shelley's sisters. He also began suffering from the nightmares, hallucinations and sleep walking that were to periodically afflict him throughout his life. Shelley became a key member of a close circle of visionary poets and writers that included Lord Byron, John Keats, Leigh Hunt, Thomas Love Peacock and his own second wife, Mary Shelley (the author of Frankenstein). Learn how and when to remove this template message, St. Irvine; or, The Rosicrucian: A Romance, Posthumous Fragments of Margaret Nicholson, Poetical Essay on the Existing State of Things, "Parent-Child Speech and Child Custody Speech Restrictions", "Shelley's Poetical Essay: The Bodleian Libraries' 12 millionth book", "Shelley's fantastic prank: An extraordinary pamphlet comes to light", http://nyurrg.org/2014/07/14/introducing-the-university-of-pennsylvanias-unbinding-prometheus-project/, "Keats-Shelley Association of America » The Unbinding Prometheus Project", https://www.sharedexperience.org.uk/maryshelley.html, "Six Oies cendrées par Henri Coulonges", "Percy Bysshe Shelley: "The Sensitive Plant" from Andre digte", Wade, Phillip.